June 23, 2024

There is concern on the northern border of Mexico, after the United States Department of Homeland Security reported on Wednesday the decree that allows immediate deportations of Venezuelans who arrive across the border by land.

The United States policy of expelling Venezuelans who arrive by land in the country worries migrants and activists on the northern border of Mexico. They ensure that shelters are saturated.

Venezuelans and directors of shelters in Ciudad Juárez and Matamoros expressed to EFE their uncertainty about what will happen after the US Department of Homeland Security (DHS) announced on Wednesday the deportation of Venezuelans who arrive at the border under Title 42.

“The first thing to think about is whether they know the reality of the border, the shelters are not alone, those agreements are between the United States and Mexico when there is a migration crisis,” Father Javier Calvillo, director of the House, told EFE. of the Juarez Migrant, bordering El Paso, Texas.

The priest expressed that there is the doubt of who will support with expenses for undocumented immigrants who return to Juárezwhere he expects the three levels of government to help with this problem.

“It seems that they are not interested in migrants. The question is what will happen to all Venezuelans. It was an agreement between the governments, hopefully there will be an action from them, ”he remarked.

The move comes after migrants from Cuba, Nicaragua and Venezuela accounted for more than 55,000 of the undocumented found on the US-Mexico border in August, an annual increase of 175%.

Washington will grant 24 thousand permits

In the face of the crisis in Venezuela, Washington will grant 24,000 permits to citizens of that country who arrive by air and have a sponsor in the United States, a program similar to the one offered for Ukraine.

But that excludes Venezuelans in Mexico, like Henry Esurrico, who was unable to fulfill his “American dream” because of this new measure.

“I am disappointed, with no one here, with nowhere to sleep. I would like them to take me to Venezuela.” expressed from Ciudad Juárez.

The United States Customs and Border Protection (CBP) reported up to an average of 1,962 daily meetings in the last week.

Based on these data, deportations can put Ciudad Juárez in check, where shelters are at 80% occupancy, according to the local office of the International Organization for Migration.

Henry recounted that he came with five friends, who were also deported and have not yet found shelter.

They have even walked until dawn looking for a roof over their heads and have gone days without cleaning up, due to this problem.

Activists meet in emergency

In Matamoros, activists from various organizations, Mexican and American, held an emergency meeting to coordinate actions that allow them to face the migration crisis that has caused the deportation of hundreds of Venezuelans since last Thursday.

The meeting addressed the capacity of shelters to accommodate those who wish to stay in northern Matamoros, Tamaulipassince transportation to Mexico City, the country’s capital, has also been provided so that they can continue their process with the US government.

“For this Venezuelan population that is being deported, it is estimated that there will be at least 140 per day. They don’t want to leave (from Matamoros) because they were separated,” Paula Juárez, coordinator of the association “Ayudandoles a Triunfar,” told EFE.

The assistance groups have promised to provide solutions to the basic needs of the returnees through the New Bridge, which connects the regions of Matamoros, Tamaulipas, with Brownsville, Texas, as well as channeling them to a shelter to prevent them from settling in the area and a camp originates as it happened years ago.

Venezuelans denounce violation of their rights

The US government returned Venezuelans waiting in national territory, which has caused them fear, finding themselves in a region they do not know and distanced from their compatriots.

“I was very afraid, They put us in four checkpoints and we knew what to do. They told us that they were going to release us until they crossed us here,” said Venezuelan Gloria Sánchez.

The deportees boarded the vans of the National Institute of Migration (INM) to be taken to the Casa del Migrante “San Juan Diego” where they would be given the necessary assistance to reassure them.

Venezuelans still do not understand how the decree comes into force this Monday, October 17, and they they were expelled before without prior explanation and under violations of their human rightsas reported.

“We do not understand how where they told us that the torch of freedom was, it was the torch of hell for all of us, they returned us unfairly,” argued Tarrael José Machado.

Mistrust has spread among those who have been returned to Mexico, although some They decided to get off the buses that the Mexican government arranged to take them to the country’s capital.

A part of the migrants plans to stay in the north of Tamaulipas waiting for an announcement that will give them back the hope of accessing the United States.

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